How To Survive A Heat Wave

4 months ago 313

Temperatures exceeding 50 degrees, is serving to make the world population aware of the probability of suffering similar episodes in the near future. It is important not to take this possibility lightly and if it happens, a series of precautions must be taken to avoid serious health problems and even death in the most extreme cases.

There are basic measures such as cooling off often or avoiding physical exercise during peak heat hours, but there is also a long series of preventive measures to cope with the situation with the least possible risk to health. The elderly and children are the most vulnerable to high temperatures, but the entire population must take precautions.

- Avoid running all the sources of heat that we have at home. This happens by turning off lights and using appliances as little as possible because they are an additional source of heat.

- If you don't have air conditioning, you can use a fan to alleviate the sensation of heat. There are some tricks that work well, such as putting the fan in front of an ice tray and thus generating a current of fresh air that can relieve us.

- Following this advice, you should also try to generate natural air currents by playing with opening certain doors and windows to get the air to move. In a phase of extreme heat, it is greatly appreciated that there is air movement.

- We must avoid as far as possible that the sun's rays enter the house. It is convenient to have the blinds lowered at times when the sun shines brightest. We can have the blinds closed during the night and the first moments of the day so that the air can circulate, but during the day we must protect our house from the direct entry of the sun.

- It is not necessary to do physical exercise at times of greatest heat because we expose ourselves to suffering a heatstroke that can be very dangerous for our health. If we want to maintain our healthy routine of going for a run or a walk, we should do it first thing in the morning or at night.

- You have to constantly hydrate by drinking water. This will help us maintain an adequate temperature in our body and avoid hydration problems.

- Let's maintain a fresh diet, based on salads and fruits. Heavy meals do not help in this situation and, in addition, they require long cooking times that imply having an additional heat source at home.

- If the heat is suffocating, we must resort to frequent showers with cold water. As a supplement, it is useful to submerge the hands and wrists in water to try to eliminate the sensation of heat.

- As a basic piece of advice, avoid walking through open areas during the middle of the day so as not to be directly exposed to the sun.

- If there is no choice but to walk and receive the sun's rays, we must protect our bodies, but especially our heads with a scarf or a cap.

Finally, we must be attentive to a series of symptoms that indicate that we have suffered a heat stroke. Obviously, the most obvious and serious symptoms are loss of consciousness and seizures, but there are others that usually appear before, such as feeling sleepy, being very thirsty or feeling very hot. If we notice these symptoms, we must receive urgent medical attention.